The Uffizi Gallery (Galleria degli Uffizi) is the most visited Italian museum and the 11th art museum in the world, by the number of visits, with over 3 million visitors in 2016. Situated near the Piazza della Signoria, in the Historic Centre of Florence, the museum hosts a collection of priceless works, most of them from the period of the Italian Renaissance.
The building of the Uffizi Gallery started in 1560, under the request of Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de’ Medici. The original architect was Giorgio Vasari, one of the leading architects during the 15th century.
The initial role of the building was to shelter the offices (uffizi), hence the name, but for the next two hundred years, the building was destined to house the art collections of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany.
In 1737, the last of the Medici family, Anna Maria Luisa, decided to leave the collections belonging to her family to the city of Florence, and in 1769, the place was opened to the public, the first in Europe to be called a “museum”.
The art inside the Uffizi includes ancient and modern paintings and sculptures, precious furnishings, clothes, jewellery, fabrics of all types, rugs, books and many others. The museum is a gallery of wonders, full of painting masterpieces, set out in chronological order, from the 13th to the 18th centuries, with the addition of an archaeological collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculptures.
The gallery hosts some of the most beautiful paintings by Sandro Botticelli (Primavera and The Birth of Venus), Raffaello Sanzio, Tiziano Vecellio (Venus of Urbino), Caravaggio (Bacchus), Rembrandt, Albrecht Dürer, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Giotto and Cimabue, along with sculptures by Baccio Bandinelli and other Greek and Roman sculptures (such as the famous Venus de’ Medici).
HOW TO GET THERE
The nearest bus station is Ponte Vecchio, on Line C3 and D, about 120 meters away from the museum. If you want to find the Uffizi Gallery on foot, use the map below.