The arch, inaugurated on September 10, 1838, during a ceremony attended by the newly crowned emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, is dedicated to the peace established between the European nations at the Vienna Congress of 1815.
The first arch was built in January 1806, on a design by Luigi Cagnola, to celebrate the arrival in Milan of the newlyweds Eugène de Beauharnais, Viceroy of Italy, and Princess Augusta of Bavaria. The arch was raised on Corso di Porta Orientale, now Corso Venezia, and was built from canvas, plastic and timber.
Given the success of the arch among foreign visitors, the council of Milan, the Municipality of the time, decreed on 8 February that a new marble arch will be erected in a more appropriate place.
The new work, designed also by Cagnola to celebrate the French victory in the Battle of Jena, was built starting with the autumn of 1807. The works were directed by Cagnola himself and supervised by Domenico Moglia, Nicola Pirovano, Francesco Peverelli and Bai Gio Battista, under the pressure of the Municipality of Milan and Napoleon Bonaparte.
In 1814, the project was abandoned, and the works were resumed only in 1826, under the Habsburg Emperor Francis II of Austria, who changed its dedication.
After the death of Luigi Cagnola, which took place in 1833, the direction of the work passed into the hands of Carlo Giuseppe Londonio, who completed it in 1838, in time for Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria and King of Lombardy, to participate in the inauguration ceremony.
On June 8, 1859, four days after the Battle of Magenta, Napoleon III and Victor Emmanuel II entered triumphantly in Milan passing through Arco della Pace.
HOW TO GET THERE
The closest Metro station is Moscova, about 1 kilometer away, on the Metro Line M2, but you can also reach the monument from the Metro station Cairoli, about 1.3 kilometers away, passing through the courtyard of Castello Sforzesco and, then, through the Sempione Park. The closest tram station is Arco della Pace, about 100 meters away, on the tram Lines 1 and 10.