The Basilica of the Most Holy Savior and of the Saints John the Baptist and Evangelist in the Lateran, commonly called Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano, is the mother church of all the Catholic churches in Rome and the entire world. It is the highest ranking of the four papal major basilicas, receiving the title of archbasilica.
Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano was consecrated in 324 by Pope Sylvester I, and dedicated to the Most Holy Savior. In the ninth century, Pope Sergio III dedicated it to St. John the Baptist, while in the twelfth century, Pope Lucio II dedicated it to St. John the Evangelist.
At the end of the 13th century, great works were undertaken under Bonifacio VIII, with the frescoes by Giotto and by Cimabue, today lost.
In the 14th century, with the shift of papal power from Rome to Avignon, the church will be abandoned, and after the return of the papacy to Rome, due to the poor condition of the Basilica, the popes will prefer the Vatican.
In the 18th century, the facade of the Basilica was finally completed with the new prospect of Alessandro Galilei.
On the occasion of the Great Jubilee of 2000, the new Holy Door was inaugurated, by the sculptor Floriano Bodini.
HOW TO GET THERE
The Basilica of St. John Lateran is just 300 meters on foot from the nearest Metro station, San Giovanni (Line A). From the station, you will walk around 4 minutes and, if you need a map, use the one below.