Piazza del Duomo is the main square of Trento, located in the historical center of the town. Over time, the square was named Piazza Grande, Piazza Comune, Piazza Italiana, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele III, and Piazza Cesare Battisti.
The square appeared in medieval times, as an open area north of the Cathedral of San Vigilio.
Until the 1970s, the transit of vehicles was allowed in the square, as well as parking. The area was subsequently pedestrianized.
The lime tree near the Civic Tower, the only tree in the square, has a particular history. According to tradition, a first tree was planted at the beginning of the 19th century during the Napoleonic government of Trentino, inspired by the tree of freedom. At a certain point, the tree aged, and another was planted in its place. The current lime tree replaced the second tree in 1982.
The square has a quadrangular shape, and is bounded to the south by the Cathedral of San Vigilio. The Cathedral, in Romanesque style, was buit starting with the 13th century on the ruins of an ancient Christian basilica.
The eastern side of the square is formed by Palazzo Pretorio, currently housing the Tridentine Diocesan Museum, and by the Civic Tower (Torre Civica).
On the other two sides of the square, there are some frescoed houses built between the 14th and the 16th centuries. On the western side, we can find Casa Balduini and Casa Gerloni, the latter being the birthplace of the politician Cesare Battisti. On the northern side, characterized by a sequence of 14th and 16th century arcades, there are Casa Cazuffi and Casa Rella.
In addition to the buildings, two fountains decorate the square – the 18th-century Fountain of Neptune (Fontana dell Nettuno), which dominates the center of the square raised on a flight of steps, and the Fountain of the Eagle (Fontana dell’Aquila), resting on the portico of the Cazuffi House.
HOW TO GET THERE
Piazza del Duomo is located about 550 meters away from the Trento railway station. The closest bus stop, Rosmini Santa Maria Maggiore, is located about 260 meters away, on the bus Lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5/, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 and 14.