The Church of Santa Fosca is a church dedicated to Saint Fusca of Ravenna, located on the island of Torcello, in the Venice Lagoon, part of the largest complex of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta.
Saint Fusca of Ravenna was a child martyr killed along with her nurse, Maura, around 250 AD, in Ravenna, under the persecutions of the Roman Emperor Decius.
It seems that a church dedicated to Santa Fosca existed on this place since the first half of the 9th century. Around 1000, the building was part of the larger project promoted by the Bishop Orso Orseolo, for the reconstruction of the entire complex of the cathedral.
The building received its current appearance around the 12th century, when it was rebuilt to house the relics of the christian martyrs Fosca and Maura, arrived from Sabratha, in Africa.
The church, with a circular plan, is an example of the Venetian-Byzantine style. It stands outside the remains of the ancient city square, next to the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and the remains of the ancient baptistery.
The church is surrounded by a portico on five sides. The arches are supported by columns with elegant Byzantine capitals.
The interior has a Greek cross plan, with three naves and apses. The whole is dominated by a circular dome, while the decorative motifs are influenced by the Byzantine style.
HOW TO GET THERE
You can reach the island of Torcello with one of the vaporetti Lines 9 and 12. The waterbus Line 9 makes the connection between Torcello and Burano, while the Line 12 departs from Venice and stops in Murano, Burano, Torcello, Treporti and Punta Sabbioni.
The Church of Santa Fosca is located about 650 meters away from the only waterbus stop on the island, or about 10 minutes on foot. Once on the island, you will find the church in no time.