The well was excavated, initially, by Etruscans searching for water springs in Orvieto. After many centuries, in 1527, Pope Clement VII took refuge in Orvieto after the Sack of Rome, and ordered the rehabilitation of the well, before comissioning the Pozzo di San Patrizio.
The work was paid by the Municipality and was completed in 1530.
Pozzo della Cava remained open until 1646, when the town authorities ordered its closing, after five French officers who attempted to molest women were thrown into the well.
After more than 3 centuries, the well was uncovered by Tersilio Sciarra in December 1984. The restoration works lasted until 1996 and, in 2004, the ancient access from Via della Cava was restored.
The well is 36 meters deep, including the height of the spring water at the bottom.
Pozzo della Cava consists of two parts that have been unified – a larger one, circular, with an average diameter of 3.40 meters, and a smaller rectangular shaft, measuring 60 x 80 centimeters.
A tunnel about 1.7 meters high and approximately 20 meters long opens inside the rectangular portion, at a depth of 30 meters. The bottom, almost completely covered with clay and mud, has a deep groove on the left side along which the water flows.
HOW TO GET THERE
Located in the western side of Orvieto, on Via della Cava, Pozzo della Cava it’s about 1.3 kilometers away from Piazza Cahen and the funicular to Orvieto Scalo train station. The closest bus station is in Via Filippeschi, about 100 meters from the well, on the bus line CC. If you would like to find it faster, you can use the map below.